Elliott issued an apology for his off-field conduct via Twitter following the conclusion of the meeting.
"I've worked hard to make better decisions and to live up to the high standards that are expected of me," Elliott wrote. "I failed to do that here and I made a poor decision."
The meeting between Elliott and Goodell was preceded by an incident where the running back had a confrontation with a security guard at a Las Vegas music festival. Elliott was briefly detained but never arrested after the guard fell after being nudged by the running back.
Despite never being charged with a crime, Elliott is subject to a fine or suspension under the league's personal conduct policy. According to NFL Network's Mike Garafolo, sources have indicated that they do not expect Elliott to be suspended.
The NFL has not yet issued a statement on Tuesday's meeting.
This isn't the first time Elliott and Goodell have met to discuss the Cowboys running back's off-field behavior.
Elliott was suspended six games in 2017 for violating the personal conduct policy. The suspension came after a year-long league investigation into domestic violence accusations made against Elliott despite the running back never being charged by police.
While it does not appear a suspension will stem from this latest altercation, Tuesday's meeting reads like a warning from the NFL to Elliott to clean up his off-field behavior. The 23-year-old All-Pro says he heard that message loud and clear.
"I need to work harder to ensure I do not put myself in compromised situations in the future," Elliott wrote Tuesday. "I am rededicating myself to use all of the resources that the league has made available.
"But in the end, it is up to me and I am determined not to be in this position again."