Not only are textbook tackles more effective, but they're also safer. This is why the NFL has teamed up with USA Football in order to teach the youth how to tackle properly and safely. By training and teaching young players on proper technique, the hope is to establish proper tackling habits and make the game even safer.
USA Football has outlined five fundamentals in their USA Football's Heads Up Tackling (SM) program. My goal with this article is to compliment their five fundamentals with exercises/drills to enhance those movements and allow athelets to perfect the proper tackle. The fundamental part of the tackle is listed below, with the drill detailed in the subsequent paragraph.
Fundamental #1 -- "The Breakdown"
This is the starting and fundamental position for tackling. This includes having your feet be shoulder width apart, squeezing your shoulder blades and keeping them down, having your knees and hips bent with a slight 45 degree forward lean of the back and lastly, keeping your hands in front of the body. Figure 1, the "1 Arm Row" will help strengthen the muscles needed to get into the proper "Breakdown " position. Simply extend your elbow and then pull your shoulder blade back and down as you bend your elbow. Select a weight that allows you to keep the proper position and that will fatigue you at three sets of 10 repetitions.
Fundamental #2 -- "The Buzz"
This drill focuses on controlling your momentum and your ability to change direction while pursuing a potential offensive player. Figure 2, " The Buzz and React drill" starts by running toward the agility ladder. Once the player gets to the ladder, he moves his feet in and out while still moving forward. At the end of the ladder, the player is directed by a coach to react either left or right and then deliver the proper tackle on the dummy. Remember it is important for the player to keep their eyes and chin up and keep the 45 degrees spine lean during the entire drill.
Fundamental #3 -- " The Hit"
This fundamental refers to the body being in the proper position just before impact. Proper execution of this fundamental requires excellent leg and hip strength. A great way strengthen these muscle is the "Walking Forward Lunge," in Figure 3. Once again, it is important to have the player keep their chin and eyes up with a 45 degree forward lean while lunging forward. This exercise can be challenged by carrying a weight in front of them or by wearing a weight vest. Have the player pick a weight or bodyweight for three sets of 10 repetitions.
Fundamental #4 -- " The Shoot"
This fundamental refers to the explosion or use of the hips when tackling. An effective exercise for this fundamental is the "2 Handed Kettlebell Swing," Figure 4. To perform this exercise, let the kettlebell swing down between your legs as you bend your knees and hips then quickly and forcefully extend your hips to propel the kettlebell forward and upward. The movement of the kettlebell comes from the power of the hips and not the arms.
Fundamental #5 -- "The Rip"
This fundamental focuses on the throwing of two upper cuts with your arms to secure your opponent in the tackle. Not a grabbing or swinging around of the arms. Figure 5, " the Rip exercise" starts by getting into the proper breakdown position with the elbows slightly bent and in front of the body. Then move the weights forward and upward in an upper cut motion to your forehead level and then slowly return to the starting postion. When first starting, pick a weight that will challenge you for three sets of 10.
Proper tackling will not only be safer but will also make the player perform better. Have your players try these exercises while practicing the drills from USA Football and watch the results on the field!