Jones later was charged with felony harassment for allegedly spitting on a nurse at the justice center following his arrest, according to court documents.
"We are aware of and are working to gather full information, but policy is that it's inappropriate for the club to comment on unresolved legal matters," the Bengals said in a statement.
According to information posted on the Hamilton County Sheriff Office's website, Jones was arrested just before 1 a.m. ET. The felony charge is for harassment with a bodily substance, according to the county clerk's office. The three charges he was arrested for -- obstructing official business, disorderly conduct and assault -- are all misdemeanors.
A judge set bond at $37,500. As of Tuesday afternoon, Jones had not been released from custody.
The 33-year-old has had several brushes with the law. Jones was last arrested back in 2013 in Cincinnati on assault charges. He was later found not guilty.
Jones was suspended for the 2007 season due to the buildup of various legal issues and was also held out for a few games in 2008 for violating the league's personal conduct policy.
Jones logged 54 tackles, seven passes defensed and an interception this season. Last year at age 32, he made his first career Pro Bowl. Jones was signed to a three-year, $22 million deal back in March of 2016, with $6 million in total guarantees.